How to enter the "mandatory era"
to promote garbage classification needs encouragement and even guidance, but mandatory means are also essential. In fact, many people do not know that garbage should be classified, nor do they disapprove of garbage classification. But because there is no compulsion, it is at best a thing to do or not to do. The provisions (Draft) came into being through strict legislation and law enforcement guarantees
automotive polyurethane materials are rarely mentioned. Since February 21, the regulations on the classified release of domestic waste in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone (Draft) has been published on the "read special" client of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone newspaper to solicit public opinions
"garbage is not classified, and the city has two lines of tears." Garbage treatment is an important part of urban governance, which is not only related to the quality of people's livelihood, but also related to the sustainable development of cities. At present, many cities are facing the pain and crisis of "garbage siege", and Shenzhen is no exception. The passive domestic waste management mode of "how much is produced - how much is collected and transported - how many treatment facilities are built" is unsustainable, and it is urgent to find ways to promote waste reduction and classification
as early as 2000, the pilot of classified collection of urban domestic waste was launched nationwide, and Shenzhen was one of the first eight pilot cities. From the overall situation, the effect is not obvious. The key reason is that garbage classification has long been based on advocacy and encouragement, lacking clear rigid constraints and institutional norms
to promote waste classification, we need to encourage or even guide, but mandatory means are also essential. In fact, many people do not know that garbage should be classified, nor do they disapprove of garbage classification. But because there is no compulsion, it is at best a thing to do or not to do. Many people dislike trouble and try to save trouble. They still feel that it is most convenient to mix them up and throw them away
in March 2017, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of housing and urban rural development issued the implementation plan for the domestic waste classification system, requiring 46 cities across the country to implement the mandatory classification of domestic waste first, and Shenzhen ranked among them again. How does Shenzhen domestic waste classification enter the "mandatory era"? The provisions (Draft) came into being through strict legislation and law enforcement guarantees
garbage classification is a specific matter, and the provisions of laws and regulations should be specific and clear, with strong operability. For example, the regulation (Draft) uses advanced experience for reference to change the current mode of collecting garbage treatment fees with water fees, and authorizes the Municipal People's government to gradually establish a living garbage treatment charging system of classified pricing and measurement charging in accordance with the principles of "who produces, who pays, and more produces, and more pays" and differentiated charging, so as to more effectively guide residents to participate in garbage reduction and classification through economic leverage. For another example, kitchen waste accounts for a high proportion of domestic waste, which is also the main reason for the bright future of "leakage" in the collection and transportation process and the high technical requirements for pollution control in the incineration process, but it has not been included in the current waste classification system in Shenzhen. The regulation (Draft) specially restructures the waste diversion classification system for this purpose, which can be described as "the right remedy to the case"
to promote garbage classification, it is relatively easy to solve the problems in technology and facilities, and the problems in ideology and living habits are the big test. The Municipal Urban Management Bureau once commissioned a third party to investigate the residents' participation in waste classification. It was found that the residents' awareness rate of waste classification was very high, which could reach 90% - 95%, but the participation rate was only 10%. Residents said that the main reason was that it was difficult to find waste classification facilities. When 3478 residential areas with property management in the city achieved full coverage of waste classification facilities, the survey was conducted again, and residents reported that the main reason for the low participation rate was that they could not change their living habits
it is destined to be a long-term process to develop the habit of classified delivery of domestic waste. Garbage classification is a "big deal" in Japan. It is a symbol of the fine social management of plastic parts formed with plastic with moderate and stable shrinkage characteristics. The dimensional tolerances of plastic parts are 120, 130 and 140. It has taken Japan more than 40 years to achieve "extreme" garbage classification. According to the regulations (Draft), garbage cans are not allowed to be placed in the corridor of residential areas, which regulates how to throw garbage. For individuals who fail to put household garbage in accordance with the requirements, while increasing the amount of punishment and enhancing the deterrence of the law, illegal individuals can also be exempted from punishment by participating in learning and training. The combination of education and punishment is to more effectively change the bad habits of mixing garbage. It is expected that under the dual drive of positive guidance and mandatory punishment, it can promote the reform of people's ideas and lifestyles, untie the trend of intelligent and data-based equipment that people "don't understand, are unwilling, and are difficult to adhere to" waste classification, and make waste classification a new trend in the city