How to establish a modern enterprise logistics pro

2022-08-12
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How to establish a modern enterprise logistics procurement management platform

the acceleration of the process of global economic integration is bound to promote the pace of full integration of domestic enterprises with the international market. However, in terms of the current management status and management level, there is still a large gap between Chinese enterprises and world advanced enterprises. In view of this, Chinese enterprises must dare to face the reality, actively study countermeasures, constantly improve operation, improve management level, and enhance core competitiveness is the only way out

as we all know, supply chain management has become a core element restricting the survival and development of enterprises. Among them, how to effectively use the logistics procurement supply chain and its resources is one of the major problems faced by modern enterprises, and plays a vital role in the enterprise's business strategy. It is an important link to comprehensively improve and vigorously enhance the overall management level of enterprises. It is extremely effective and necessary to establish a procurement bidding management platform, standardize procurement business processes and the behavior of procurement personnel, and eliminate procurement "black box" operations and procurement corruption

for enterprises with ordinary technology, the proportion of logistics procurement cost is between 30% and 80%; For high-tech industrial companies, the proportion of procurement costs is generally 10% - 30%; For simple technologies that have matured for many years, the proportion of procurement costs may be as high as 90%. It can be seen that how to make enterprises survive and develop in the incandescence competition, we should not only find improvement points in R & D, sales and manufacturing, but also tap the potential in the logistics procurement supply chain. Adopt a set of scientific, systematic and effective logistics procurement management operation platform to guide, improve and implement logistics procurement operations, and form the unique logistics procurement advantages of enterprises, so as to promote research and development, ensure production demand and supply, and provide power for enterprises to participate in market competition and obtain sustainable development. At the same time, it is also a "good medicine" to eliminate procurement corruption. For example, TCL mobile communication Co., Ltd. has saved procurement costs of 3million yuan since it introduced the procurement electronic bidding system in September last year, and has achieved great results

to establish a modern enterprise logistics procurement management platform, we can follow the principle of "strengthening management, straightening out functions; clarifying responsibilities, standardizing business; eliminating corruption, reducing costs; efficient operation, increasing revenue". The logistics procurement management operation platform (system) consists of the following seven parts

purchase plan and budget subsystem purchase budget is a detailed estimation of the quantity and cost of raw materials, materials, parts, etc. required by the purchase department in order to cooperate with the company's annual sales forecast or production plan (including product variety and quantity), so as to facilitate the realization of the objectives of the whole enterprise. Purchasing plan and budget is an important part of the annual budget of an enterprise. Its establishment should be based on the annual production plan, material list and stock control card, set the standard cost index system of materials and monitor the law of price rise and fall, make necessary adjustments according to the actual situation, implement dynamic rolling management method, and improve the accuracy, practicality and operability of the purchasing plan and budget subsystem in the actual process

the correct examination and equipment manufacturing of the supplier development management subsystem is to adopt high-quality material evaluation, certification and selection of appropriate suppliers, which is the key to the success of logistics procurement. Purchasing is most afraid of finding the wrong supplier. No matter how cheap the price is, if the supplier is selected improperly, there will be endless trouble in the future. The development of suppliers lays a solid foundation for the smooth progress of procurement in the future. Therefore, the establishment of suppliers must establish a selection team to determine scientific, reasonable and systematic evaluation items, generally including business status, enterprise credit, manufacturing capacity, technical level, quality performance, management performance and other indicators, and establish Archives of qualified manufacturers according to a (best), B (good) and C (better). Review and evaluate once every half a year. According to the supplier evaluation system, check the frequency converter of the variable-frequency single column tensile testing machine for overheating and peculiar smell from the aspects of quality, cost, price, service water 7 and temperature measuring instruments; The scores of level, delivery cycle, commitment and ability to fulfill the contract are re divided and adjusted, and dynamic management is carried out. There is no lifelong system, and supplier development and management are organically combined to realize the best choice of procurement environment

purchasing logistics subsystem refers to any item from the seller (Supplier) to the buyer's yard. 7. Check, sort and print the experimental data! (see the software specification for details) the transfer activities carried out by (the company), including: packaging, loading and unloading, transportation, storage, distribution, information, management, etc. The procurement logistics subsystem consists of three parts: packaging transportation logistics, temporary storage inspection logistics and material warehousing logistics. The structure of procurement logistics subsystem is composed of displacement carrier, storage carrier and displacement path. How to design an effective procurement logistics subsystem and make it operate effectively is one of the strategic problems that modern enterprises urgently need to solve. To optimize the procurement logistics subsystem, we must grasp the following links: strong delivery planning, reasonable batch scale procurement, high efficiency of collaborative distribution, optimal logistics path, electronic information networking management, and finally establish the enterprise's procurement supply chain mode, so as to make it operate quickly and efficiently

when establishing the procurement performance evaluation subsystem, the procurement performance evaluation subsystem should correctly and emphatically set and select the index system that can best reflect and represent the procurement performance, clarify the purpose, principles, procedures and methods of performance evaluation, reasonably select evaluators and set up evaluation institutions, correctly and timely feed back the evaluation results and carefully summarize the evaluation work, so as to ensure that the evaluation content is focused, the evaluation indicators are quantitative Scientific evaluation means and objective evaluation results. Generally speaking, the performance indicator system of the purchasing organization includes purchasing (the timely completion rate of the plan), material quality (the qualified rate of incoming materials), purchasing cost (the price difference ratio), purchasing cycle, supply (supply accuracy), inventory (inventory turnover rate), service satisfaction, etc. If an enterprise can establish a department performance subsystem and conduct continuous evaluation, it can timely and effectively find problems in its work, formulate improvement measures and solutions, and ensure the realization of procurement objectives and the improvement of performance

The procurement (information) information subsystem consists of five parts: data inventory, business operation system, business management system, decision support system and e-commerce system. In order to meet the challenge of global electronization, it is a general trend for enterprises to introduce or quote e-commerce, and it is also an effective means to enhance their competitiveness. The comprehensive introduction of the procurement information subsystem not only improves the procurement efficiency, but also brings obvious benefits to the procurement department and the whole organization management. At present, enterprises often use ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning System), which can enable us to obtain more, updated, more comprehensive, more accurate and more timely information, and use this information to expand our purchasing vision, so as to take the initiative in negotiating with suppliers, improve work efficiency and improve operating procedures, so as to spend more time on important work such as purchasing strategy and performance improvement

in order to complete the logistics procurement work comprehensively, punctually and effectively, realize the synchronous operation and balanced manufacturing between the production plan, material demand plan and material procurement, and achieve the goals of the whole organization, the subsystem of procurement management system, work standards, action procedures and action processes must have a perfect management system, clear work standards, applicable operation procedures and reasonable operation processes. Here, we divide the procurement management organization into four levels: first, the management system, which is mainly to formulate the direction to solve the procurement organization departments and solve key and major management problems; Second, work standards, which are formulated according to the job position and the benchmark to measure whether the work is done well or not, are the basis for testing and evaluating whether the staff are competent; The third is the operation procedure, which stipulates the operation procedure of each interface link at the level of logistics procurement; The fourth is the operation process, which formulates the operation flow chart of each specific business in more detail, and clearly guides the purchasing personnel to correctly execute the work instructions according to the operation process and complete their own work tasks in time. These are the basis for the standardized management of the logistics procurement system, which is conducive to the comprehensive procurement management on the right track

the procurement strategy planning subsystem includes procurement policy (general policy) strategy planning, cost price strategy planning, procurement quality strategy planning, support supply strategy planning, environment change strategy planning, storage strategy planning, etc. The purpose of implementing the procurement strategy planning is to analyze the internal and external environment factors of the enterprise through strategic planning management, starting from the long-term business objectives of the enterprise, combined with the changes of the external procurement environment, in order to make use of their own strengths and seize external opportunities, overcome their own weaknesses and avoid external risks, take positive countermeasures to meet the challenges, change the procurement activities of the enterprise from passive to active, and turn weaknesses into advantages, So that the enterprise can obtain good procurement income in the future development

remarks:

the supply chain management mentioned in this paper only refers to the development of suppliers, the issuance of procurement plans, the tracking of procurement process, the delivery of purchased goods to the company and the warehousing after inspection, excluding the redistribution of produced products to the market and the service of customers. It is a relative and narrow concept. (end)

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